King Lewanika of Barotsiland, Upper Zambesi. Taken at Bulawayo in 1902 [1*] Enlarge
King Lewanika and Suite in England, 1902. (back L to R) Captain A. Bertrand, Rev. A. Jalla, Mokamba the Gambella, Lewinika's son-in-law (front L to R) Translator, Lewanika. [2*] Enlarge
1834 to 1904
French pioneer missionary in western Zambia.
After long service for the Paris Evangelical Mission in Lesotho (1857-77) he led a party into present Zimbabwe to open a mission among the Shona. There he was arrested by the Ndebele king LOBENGULA, who expelled him from the country. On the advice of the Ngwato chief KGAMA III he then attempted to visit the Lozi kingdom in western Zambia. Arriving in the midst of civil strife, he was turned back there as well. However, the Lozi king LEWANIKA invited him to return. He did so in 1885, and the mission flourished under his direction. Later Coillard played an important role in Lewanka's negotiations with British imperial factions. Lewanika himself never accepted baptism, but he encouraged the secular work of the mission. Coillard's pioneering work helped greatly to give the Lozi a significant head-start in education over the other peoples of Zambia.
Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen
Favre, Édouard. François Coillard. Paris: Société des Missions évangéliques, 1913. Dictionary of National Biography. Main Dictionary to 1900, 22 vols.; Twentieth Century D.N.B., 5 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 27 volumes, 1885-1950.
Caplan, G. L. The Elites of Barotseland, 1878-1969. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1970.
[1*] Coillard of the Zambesi by C. W. Mackintosh (New York: American Tract Society, 1907).