Scottish missionary and explorer.
He made two extended tours of London Missionary Society stations in South Africa (1812-14, 1819-21) and left one of the earliest and most valuable accounts of the peoples of southern Botswana and the western Transvaal in Travels in South Africa 1813 (1815), and Travels in South Africa, 1820 (1822).
Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen
Dictionary of National Biography. Main Dictionary to 1900, 22 vols.; * Twentieth Century D.N.B.,* 5 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 27 volumes, 1885-1950.
Wilson, M. & L. M. Thompson (eds.). The Oxford History of South Africa. Vol. 1. Westminster: A. Constable, 1969.
This article is reproduced, with permission, from Dictionary of African Historical Biography, 2nd edition, copyright © 1986, by Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. All rights reserved.