Hodgson, Francis and Jessie

1853-1920, 1853-1933
Anglican Communion
Tanzania

Francis Roger (1853 – April 4, 1920) and Jessie Hodgson (1853–1933) were British Anglican missionaries and Bible translators in Zanzibar (1876–1888) and Francis was a parish priest in Devon, England.

Francis’s childhood was in the village of Warton, Fylde, in Lancashire, England. His father Reverend Richard Hodgson (1828–1895) served as the Curate of Warton, Lancashire, and baptized Francis as an infant in January 1854. His mother Caroline (1828–1889) later gave birth to another son, Charles Herbert Hodgson.

The Anglican church appointed Hodgson as Archdeacon of Zanzibar (1882–1889), with Hodgson taking over both mission compound oversight and Bible translation work from Bishop Edward Steere. Their gradual church growth came from caring for slaves, refugees, and the marginalized. Christianity in Zanzibar started as a religion for slaves.

Before Steere’s death in 1882, he and Hodgson completed the New Testament in 1880 and a revised New Testament in 1882. Steere had also begun work on the books of Isaiah, Kings, and Genesis. The British and Foreign Bible Society printed their book of Genesis in 1884. With the assistance of his wife Jessie, Hodgson translated the first Old Testament into southern Swahili in Roman script. The Zanzibar dialect, Kiunguja, grew in popularity to become standardized written Swahili.

In 1886, Jessie gave birth to their only son, Richard. In 1888, mission records indicate that Jessie was “Invalided.” In 1889, Francis completed the Old Testament, and they took the long journey back to England via the Suez Canal. In 1895, Richard died. Later that year, the British and Foreign Bible Society published their translation of the Old Testament from their London print shop. This translation became a helpful reference to George Pilkington as he translated the Lugandan Bible in the 1890s.

JD


References:

Hampsted Death Records 1920 https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=BMD/D/1920/4/AZ/000418/079

The Hodgsons of Sherborne, 1881-1922.retrieved at http://oldshirburnian.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Hodgsons-of-Sherborne-by-Michael-Hanson.pdf

Biblical translations of early missionaries in east and central Africa. (Part I. Translations into Swahili) by Viera Pawlikova-Vilhanova Retrievable from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274513058_Biblical_Translations_of_Early_Missionaries_in_East_and_Central_Africa_I_Translations_into_Swahili

HODGSON, Francis Roger; STEERE, Edward (February 26, 1884). “Mwanza. Kitabu cha kwanza cha Musa.” [Genesis translated into Swahili by Edward Steere ; edited by F.R. Hodgson”.] B. & F.B.S. – via Open WorldCat.

Death record of Jessie Hodgson https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=BMD/D/1933/1/AZ/000578/038 Her age and location match that of Francis’ probate records https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBOR/GWR/00387557

Historical Catalogue of the British and Foreign Bible Society, under “Southern Swahili” The Standard (newspaper), London 07 Mar 1895, retrievable from https://www.newspapers.com

The History of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa 1859-1898, 2nd edn. A.E.M. Anderson-Morshead, pg 479, retrievable from https://missiology.org.uk/book_universities-mission-central-africa.php https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=R_873388878


This information on Bible translators, received in 2019, was compiled by Rev. J.D. in the process of attempting to make digital scans of these Bibles available for missional and historical purposes.